100. YEARS

Cumhuriyet'in Öncü Kadınları

We bring to the present day the stories of brave Turkish women who have achieved the impossible and the beginnings with their names, their works, their deeds, and their lives, in the light of the 100th anniversary of our Republic.

First Woman Engraving Artist History Professor Theater Artist Director Astrophysicist Agricultural Engineer Ceramic Artist Auto Racer Archaeologist Architect Astronomer Chemist War Pilot Construction Engineer Sculptor Vet Professor of Mathematics Opera Artist Lawyer

Cumhuriyet'in Öncü Kadınları
Visitor Notes

On the 100th anniversary of our republic, taking on the curation of this exhibition is a source of pride for me. I am indescribably happy to see that our story, narrated in this exhibition, meets with you today, with the duty of passing it on from generation to generation. I believe that the republic will rise in the hands of women. May their stories be a source of hope and inspiration for all of us.

Özlem Özdemir

Congratulations. You have taken us on a journey filled with beautiful memories. This is what it means to be the daughter of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Sending you lots of love.

What a wonderful exhibition showcasing how far we've come... It will also shed light on where we want to go.

From the moment I first laid eyes on you, I've struggled to put my feelings into words. Instead of confident, prideful lines, I find tears welling up in my eyes.

We thank you for this beautiful exhibition. The value of our pioneering women is immense, especially as we approach the 100th anniversary of our Republic. The participation of women in education, the workforce, and politics is crucial. We must set an example for future generations and support women's rights. Let us celebrate and appreciate the pioneering role of our women.

I toured the exhibition 'Pioneering Women of the Republic' with pleasure and interest, and I learned that many commendable women of the Republic have achieved remarkable firsts, which I hadn't known about before. As a woman who believes that women can excel in not just some, but every field without exception, I sincerely thank Mrs. Özlem for this important and detailed exhibition. I convey to my daughters the trust that Atatürk placed in us and the importance of not betraying that trust. I wish for our daughters and women to walk their paths with courage.

I toured the exhibition of our pioneering women with deep emotion. I hope they serve as examples to our future generations.

It is heartwarming. Long live the Republic and its followers, who will continue to thrive and create.

Witnessing history and getting to know our ancestors is indeed crucial. I'm glad you found the exhibition meaningful. We'll definitely keep your suggestion in mind and strive to organize more exhibitions in the future.

Thanks to Atatürk and his leadership, Türkiye has been at the forefront of women's participation in many professions, paving the way for them to lead in the modern world. You reminded us of this.

You've taken us on a journey filled with beautiful memories. Being the daughter of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk is truly remarkable.

Indeed, it's a wonderful exhibition showcasing how far we've come. It will also shed light on where we want to go. Thank you, Turkish Women.

I'm glad it resonated with you. The Republic represents a transformation and progress. Here's to many more centuries of advancement.

This exhibition, which exemplifies what Turkish women can achieve when given the opportunity, from the past to the present, has filled us with immense pride as Turkish women and future educators. We express our gratitude to the great leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk for the respect and rights he bestowed upon Turkish women, and we promise to keep these in our hearts and minds, striving to take our country one step further for future generations.

Since the moment I first laid eyes on you, I’ve struggled to express the emotions that have formed within me. Instead of words brimming with trust and pride, tears are what I leave behind.

While celebrating the 100th anniversary of our republic with great pride, if we have been able to preserve some of our values today, we owe it to the pioneering women of our republic, whose names we have the opportunity to mention again in this exhibition. We are delighted to be here today on behalf of the Süreyya Ağaoğlu Child Friends Association, founded by one of these pioneering women, Süreyya Ağaolu.

I loved this magnificent exhibition organized in honor of the 100th anniversary of our republic. I congratulate everyone involved and wish you continued success.

Participating in this beautiful event organized for the 100th anniversary of our republic as a woman is an extraordinary feeling. Once again, I am in awe of the genius and leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and as a Turkish woman, I take pride. Thanks to you, today I experienced the most beautiful emotions.

Health and appreciation to Dear Özlem Özdemir for reminding us of the contributions of women who perhaps carried half the burden in the establishment of our republic. We are on the same path.

Infinite thanks to the Açık Holding family for bringing together the invaluable pioneering women of science on this meaningful day and to the architect of the project, my esteemed colleague Özlem Özdemir.

I thank all my colleagues who contributed to the organization of this wonderful exhibition at a meaningful time when we celebrate the 100th anniversary of our republic. Our women, who unquestionably have contributions and success in the civilization and development levels of all nations, are also celebrated.

I congratulate you once again for the magnificent Republic Women's Exhibition and book, which includes my grandmother, whom I always take pride in being a granddaughter. We will always continue to walk in the footsteps of our women and our founding father. It is an example of a magnificent exhibition and an appreciation of values.

On the 100th anniversary of our Republic, I express my gratitude to the women who have carried the values of our women to this day and to our dear Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Here's to many more 100 years... Freely...

I sincerely congratulate you and everyone involved for organizing such a valuable exhibition on the 100th anniversary of our republic. I hope this exhibition grows like an avalanche and spreads across all of Türkiye. I wish for an increase in enlightened women like you...

I congratulate you from the bottom of my heart. It's very exciting, pride-inducing, and inspiring; in short, it's magnificent. I had read the Women's Republic book, and the exhibition looks wonderful too. Bravo to those who supported us and made it possible for us to see. May the exhibition travel throughout Türkiye, and may it have a wide audience. With respect and love.

You have so beautifully and meaningfully depicted the first Turkish women in history with their qualifications in every profession that it made my chest swell with pride once again as a Turkish teacher. How fortunate we are and how fortunate the Republic has brought us…

I take pride in the awareness that the Republican revolution is primarily a women's revolution. I hope it reaches the public in many cities nationwide. I sincerely congratulate everyone involved. Long live the secular Republic!

For sharing this meaningful and valuable exhibition with us and for ensuring its transmission to future generations, endless thanks. Especially as a woman, I drew strength from our history while touring the exhibition, and I felt proud of our past.

I thank you for the pride you have given me as an architect who stands on her own two feet, thanks to the rights bestowed by Atatürk on the 100th anniversary of our Republic and the strong will of his mother, and as someone who loves her profession.

Thank you so much for this indescribably beautiful exhibition. As a female general surgery assistant, I once again understood, thanks to you, that the achievements of our Republic's women and their struggles on the path to success are a guiding light for all women in male-dominated fields. On behalf of my female colleagues in the general surgery department at Şişli Etfal Hospital, I thank you once again.

What a tremendous effort! What a magnificent work! I thank you so much for creating a splendid exhibition that underscores the great leader who values the honor and dignity of Turkish women above all and tirelessly strives to grant them their rights. You have demonstrated how justified this is with this magnificent exhibition.

I am writing this with goosebumps, my eyes filled with emotion. With pride in Turkish women... Today, we once again remembered the exemplary women of the Republic, witnessed their achievements, and observed their firsts. Thankfully, they were born; thankfully, they made us proud; and thankfully, you have contributed to their remembrance by preparing this exhibition.

In these days of the 100th anniversary celebration, I wholeheartedly congratulate you for being the architect of such a magnificent exhibition that highlights Atatürk's women.

Working as a restoration specialist architect, this period has been challenging for me both in my professional and everyday life, and this magnificent exhibition has given me strength. I am deeply moved, and I appreciate your efforts. Thank you.

Thank you very much for enlightening us at the 100th anniversary of our Republic. You have inspired us.

As a mathematician and a mother, my eyes filled with tears at times during the exhibition, and once again, I felt proud of you. Thank you very much for this exhibition that narrates the success of women, the protagonists of the Republic on the 100th anniversary of our Republic.



Aliye Berger


As the first female engraving artist and painter, Berger began to survive a difficult period of her life, making her the first woman engraver in Türkiye. She opened his first exhibition in 1951. She won first place in an international painting competition in 1954 with his oil painting "Rise of the Sun".

Afet İnan


At the age of 14, Inan was appointed chief teacher at the Elmalı All Girls' School and contributed to the new Türkiye with her studies in history and anthropology. At the request of Atatürk, she wrote the book Vatandaş İçin Medeni Bilgiler (Civilian Information for Citizens). In 1950, she became the first woman to become a professor of history.

Bedia Muvahhit


Muvahhit, who was offered a role by Muhsin Ertuğrul in the movie Ateşten Gömlek, became one of the first female film actresses. On August 11, 1923, when Dârülbedayi's artists asked why Atatürk was not included in his play on the Izmir tour, Bedia Muvahhit was prepared for the play called Penal Code in one day, thus becoming the first Muslim woman who took the stage in the Republic of Türkiye.

Belkıs Özdoğan


After graduating from the University of Istanbul's Department of Physics, Özdoğan conducted research at the Sorbonne University's optical laboratory in 1952. She continued her studies at the University of Istanbul and became a pioneer in the establishment of the modern education system.

Cahide Sonku


Noted by Muhsin Ertuğrul in the City Theatres, Sonku starred in Türkiye's first village film. Thus, she became Turkey's first female star. When the director of the movie "Fedakar Ana" in which,she played sick, she went behind the camera to complete the movie. She became the first female director in the history of Turkish cinema history.

Dilhan Ezer Eryurt


After graduating from the Faculty of Mathematics at Istanbul University, Eryurt continued her studies abroad, In 1961, she started to work at Goddard Space Research Institute of NASA and became the first Turkish woman working at NASA! Her studies here revealed that the sun was brighter at first than thought, and its temperature slowly decreased...

Fatma Hikmet İşmen


Workmen, who studied at the Ankara Higher Education Institute, became Türkiye's first female agricultural engineer after graduating. Between 1956 and 1958, she completed his PhD in Canada, where she worked as Chief of the Plant Virology Laboratory Manager, and her discovery of a new variation of the fungus became known in the literature.

Füreya Koral


When she married Kılıç Ali, one of the Atatürk’s comrades-in arms, Koral organized dinner parties for Atatürk and other politicians, artists, and literary figures. In 1947, she went to Switzerland to receive treatment for tuberculosis. She started to work with ceramic to keep her occupied there but soon realized that this was her mission in life. With her exhibition in Istanbul in 1951, she became Türkiye's first female ceramic artist.

Hatice Samiye Morkaya


Türkiye's first female car racer, Morkaya, was also the first woman to be a champion in motor races in which she participated. He continues to empower Turkish women with her leadership in motor racing...

Halet Çambel


Çambel who is the first female archaeologist and the first female athlete to participate in the Olympics represented Türkiye in fencing at Atatürk’s request. She studied archaeology at the Paris Sorbonne University and received a doctorate from the University of Istanbul. She made important contributions in the field of archaeology and led to the establishment of Karatepe -Aslantaş National Park, which was the first outdoor museum of Türkiye..

Leman Tomsu


One of the first two girls to graduate from the Academy of Fine Arts Architecture Branch, Tomsu was recognized in 1941 as the first female assistant to the Istanbul Technical University Architectural Branch. She has done scientific research abroad and has signed many important works throughout his life...

Hatice Nüzhet Gökdoğan


Gökdoğan, who graduated from Erenköy All Girls' High School and was sent abroad for mathematics-physics education with a state scholarship, was the first Turkish to be appointed as associate professor at the Institute of Astronomy at the Faculty of Science at the University of Istanbul in 1934. In 1954, she was elected dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Istanbul, becoming the first female dean in Türkiye.

Remzye Hisar


Hisar was one of three female student who enrolled in the department of chemistry in Darülfünun, went to Paris in late 1923 to study chemistry. In 1933, she became the first Turkish woman to receive a doctorate from the University of the Sorbonne. In 1955, Türkiye's first female chemist, Hisar, was the first Turkish woman to be awarded an Officiel d'Academie by the Government of France.

Sabiha Gökçen


Atatürk's spiritual daughter Gökçen enrolled in the first female student in the first civilian aviation school, Türkkuşu, in 1935-1937. She graduated as a military pilot and won the title of the world's first female war pilot...

Sabiha Gürayman


Graduating as one of two college students at the Engineering School, Gürayman became the first female athlete on the Fenerbahçe Men's Volleyball Team in 1928. When she won the Fenerbahçe Men's Volleyball Team in 1929, Sabiha was the team's captain. Between 1945 and 1953, she was appointed as the Supervising Engineer of Anıtkabir (Atatürk’s Mausoleum) and that was the most important mission of her life.

Sabiha Ziya Bengütaş


Being the first female sculptor, she became the first girl student to receive a sculpture education at Sanayi-i Nefise Mektebi (School of Fine Arts), and she became Türkiye's first woman sculpture, completing her primary degree. Her signature was also on the statues of many important symbols, including the Statues of Atatürk and Inönü.

Sabire Aydemir


Aydemir, one of the first female students to apply to the Deparment of Veterinary Medicine in Higher Agricultural, which opened in Ankara, became the first woman veterinarian to work in the sector as a bacteriology specialist after her graduation. Sabire Aydemir was given the First Female Veterinarian Award by the TBMM during the 50th anniversary of the day Turkish women earned the right to elect and be elected.

Selma Soysal


Soysal's career as a mathematician was shaped by lectures from the prominent mathematicians Cahit Arf, Kerim Erim, and Ratip Berker. In 1967, she became the first female professor of mathematics.

Semiha Berksoy


She played a part in the first Turkish Picture, Streets of Istanbul and she played the role Ayşim and was recognized as the first female opera artist. She retired from the State Opera and Ballet in 1972 but she never stopped painting, producing countless works..

Süreyya Ağaoğlu


Ağaoğlu applied to the Department of Law in Istanbul University. However women were not allowed to study law in those years so her application was rejected. Ağaoğlu rejected this decision and convincing 3 of her girlfriends to study law, she made the management change their decision. In 1928, she obtained a freelance license, becoming the first woman lawyer in Türkiye.